Tuesday, November 10, 2009

kota tua

Cultural tourism (cultural tourism) is increasingly captured the hearts of tourists. Culture has always been the main attractions throughout the world. But some three decades ago, the trend began to disintegrate cultural tourism, tourists began to be interested also in the past remains attached to the walls of historic buildings in town, old town in every country they visit. Trends in tourism was given a heritage tourism or cultural heritage tourism.

Heritage, or the inheritance of various heritage in all its forms, is important not only as a city and state identity but also the economic value and social impact. Culture of human glue to create a mutual understanding that leads to peace and harmony. Heritage tourism in the end also helps maintain and preserve the heritage / heritage itself.

In every old city is still closely attached to the history of the city, the journey of life the city centuries ago can still be read until this moment through the old buildings, railways, bridges, canal, cuisine, folklore, tradition and all that is still preserved.

Wrinkles on the face of an old town, beautifully preserved, being so attractive and stimulate tourists to come, not just visiting, remembering, but also try to understand why an event happened at one time. Then, to the admiration that appear or in a particular story, hoping the bad things in the past do not happen again.

Heritage in every city in the world has a different significance for the people of the city itself, the population in a country where a city is, or even for the world.

Meaning of a legacy may be positive or negative. The legacy of the past, not always a triumph for the glory of the present generation but also often brings a sense of shame, hatred, like the Dark Ages Germany and Europe in general, when Hitler pretended to be God and slaughtered Jews. So many Germans want to forget the legacy left by Hitler. But anyway, people could not forget their history, both the pride and the heartbreaking.

Auschwitz or Oswiescim included in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites is one of the preserved relics. Citizens of the world proved more who choose not to forget the darkest of human history in the 20th century through the camp massacres of Jews in Poland this. Through Auschwitz, the world was reminded that this play was never again performed on any world stage.

Still have the ruins of Berlin wall, a symbol of the collapse of communism, which was demolished in 1989. Brandenburg Gate awaits travelers who want a sign at the gate of peace from the King Frederick William II of Prussia and was built by Carl Langhans is now a landmark of Berlin - and even Europe. upright Cologne Cathedral K├Âlner Dom Cologne or as a city landmark that was built around the 12th century.

The oldest city in the Netherlands, Maastricht, which has existed since Roman times and had only a small town in southern tip of the Netherlands, now shines as a cultural city with a relic of the 12th century can still be seen, the city wall, city gates, and forts.

As a castle town, Maastricht maintain that legacy today. Since 1992, in which the home town of Maastricht the European Union through the Maastricht Treaty (The Treaty of Maastricht), the city is more shiny as a tourist destination abroad. Local governments are well aware, the more fat koceknya tourist arrivals. Goa, St. Pietersberg Cave, which has existed since before Christ was fully preserved with the legacy of sketches and paintings on the wall. At the time of Hitler, this cave became a hiding place.

In essence, they are literate heritage. Heritage preserved centuries ago not only to satisfy the curiosity of the tourists but also for the development of heritage itself.

In some countries such as England, Scotland, Australia, and the United States, the ghost tour was held. Usually they are targeting the old building.

From Asia, South Korea is filled with temples built even before the Christian era. Tourism in Gyeongju, Bulguksa Temple, and the hermitage Seokguram Grotto all included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Gyeongju area have been around for 57 years before Christ. Gyeongju was the former capital of Silla Kingdom that has developed since the beginning of the millennium. Inevitably, the archaeological heritage in this area take a fairly large area, about 1,300 km2. While Bulguksa Temple, a Buddhist temple, also built during the Silla Kingdom around the year 580's. Seokguram Grotto is one part of the complex began Bulguksa Temple founded in 742.

Speaking of South Korea, about two weeks ago an old colleague from Seoul to throw electronic mail to Warta Kota. After pleasantries say hello, and then start a discussion about heritage tourism. Then he writes, "The Seoul government is building a cafe on the Han River bridge. Imagine, a cup of coffee while looking at the Han River and dancing fountains. At night, romantic waaaaah .... And this is contrived to attract tourists."

Attract tourists is to suck money from the pockets of the tourists to go to Seoul. An effort and great willingness of the Seoul government to realize their promise in the world, as menampilakan Seoul Soul of Asia.

Move to neighboring countries Indonesia, Malaysia, Malacca there last year on the list of World Heritage Sites. In essence, all competing to maintain and preserve their most important legacy as well as to manage it well.

In the end it, the economic value of heritage as a direct feel for the city and its inhabitants. Cafes, restaurants, hotels, souvenir shops, traditional merchants affected by turning all the money. In addition, the sustainability of a city-complete with historical and cultural heritage-awake for the next generation.

So, what's Jakarta? At the age of 500 years before, in the span of less than 20 years, Jakarta is still just a mess. Have Jakarta creating its image as the other towns nearby?

Jakarta historic area which is in the process revived dhedhel dhuwel impressed now. Stagnate not only because of problems of physical development, and re-improvement for the next two years was battered again and should be patched, but also because no clear direction that revitalization. Too many interests, too many skilled, minimal action.

In fact, the potential of the historic area / city unspeakable old Jakarta. Just look at the history of this city. Sunda Kelapa Starting from around 12 centuries later renamed Jayakarta in 1527, changed again to Batavia in the East India Company in 1619, and the last Jakarta in 1942.

Long history that began in the area now called the old area or areas or the historic old town. The whole area where this originated Batavia defined as sites and protected by the Governor of DKI Jakarta Decree No. 475/1993 concerning cultural conservation buildings in Jakarta to be preserved.

According Candrian Attahiyat, Head of Technical Implementation Unit (UPT) Kota Tua, according to Governor Regulation No. 34 of 2006 regarding acquisition, planning, arrangement of the old city, historic area or the old city of Jakarta is 846 hectares. Southern boundary is the Archives Building, North boundary is the Kampung Luar Batang, East Village boundary Bandan, and the western boundary at the Bridge Lima.

In this area alone there are more than 200 old buildings owned by state enterprises, DKI Jakarta, private, and individuals. Condition? More of waiting to die.

In addition to the museum's four DKI Jakarta, Jakarta History Museum, which occupies the former town hall in the Batavia; Museum Wayang; Museum of Fine Arts and Ceramics; and Maritime Museum, this region also has two museums banks, Bank Mandiri Museum and the Museum of Bank Indonesia.

In the center of Batavia seputaran former, there Jakarta Kota Station building or the construction Beos kelar in 1929. Along the canal to imagine the early 19th century in which time the area famous as a center of business, could be another alternative. The old buildings on either side of the canal to witness history sebagain Jakarta.

Farther north, there is the rest of the walls of Batavia, there are villages which should remain stable as the Kampung Tugu. This village was entered as conserved areas in Jakarta Governor Decree No. 475/1993. So called because, according to Adolf Heuken, author of historical Jakarta, in this region found stele monument - the oldest archaeological remains prove the influence of Hindus in West Java.

In this village is also the Mardijker people - prisoners who had been liberated, freed by the Dutch - to stay. They are mostly descendants of Portuguese.

Church was the first monument built in the 1670's, was still standing there. This village was also stores such as beef jerky culinary heritage monument and monument srani Pindang all extinct with the extinction of Kampung Tugu. Villages should be sustainable as it is, now leaving only keroncong monument. The rest, so now the area where the line konteiner truck.

To target a culinary tour, the old town still has the most popular areas. The area was none other than Jewel, Glodok. Want to island, shifted slightly to the Bay of Jakarta is the Thousand Islands Archaeological Park Onrust Island - the island is busy / never rest - which consists of the island of Onrust, Cipir, Kelor, and Angel.

Of course, not only Indonesia Jakarta. Other cities in Java such as Jakarta, Cirebon, Bandung, Yogyakarta, Semarang to cities outside Java save its own heritage.

What should be remembered that even from a glass of beer, coffee or tea secangkit, a piece of ice cream, a bowl of soup, or old wall fracture, we can go back to hundreds and even thousands of years ago.

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