Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Indonesia Java International Destination

Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia is also located on this island. The colossal metropolis with all the problems of a city vastly overstretched, filthy cities and streets congested with traffic; it won’t grab your attention for long unless you’re a mad shopper. But the rest of the island has offerings that shouldn’t be ignored. A string of volcanoes lace the island like fiery rubies.

Visiting Gunung Bromo (Bromo Mountain) is a must for any visitor. Pounding the southern coast is the Indian Ocean; really a magical sight that you will never forget. But this is a dangerous place for swimming; however, there are some fine beach enclaves, such as Java’s premier beach resort, Pangandaran beach, and world-class surf breaks at Ujung Kulon and Alas Purwo National Parks.

Candi Borobudur (Borobudur Temple) is an architectural wonder and some of the oldest Hindu temples in Java can be found in the lofty Dieng Plateau, located at Borobudur District, South of Magelang, Central Java.
The overall height was 42 meters, but was only 34.5 meters after restoration, and had the dimension of 123 x 123 meters (15,129 square meters). There were 10 floors. The first floor up to the sixth floor was square form, the seventh to the tenth floor were round form. Borobudur is facing to the East with a total of 1460 panels (2 meters wide each). Total size of the temple walls was 2500 square meters, full of relief. The total number of panels with relief was 1212. According to investigations, the total number of Buddha statue was 504 including the intact and damaged statues. The temple undergone restoration from 1905 to 1910, and the last restoration was done in 1973 to 1983.

Prambanan, named after the village, is the biggest temple complex in Java. There are 224 temples in the complex; three towering temples on the central terrace dominate the complex. Those are Brahma Temple in the North, Visnu Temple in the South and the biggest among the three which lies between Brahma and Visnu is Çiwa Temple which soars up to 47 meters high. These three ancient masterpieces of Hindu architecture are locally referred to as Prambanan Temple or Rorojonggrang Temple. One of its appeals is the wealth of sculptural detail which is the most famous is on the inner wall of the balustrade, the wonderful Ramayana Epic.

Galunggung Mountain is a volcano with 2,167 m above sea level. It is located about 17 km from Tasikmalaya. The volcano erupted in 1990 and spread its rain of ash to entire Indonesia and neighboring countries. The last major eruption on Galunggung was in 1982, which had a Volcanic Explosivity Index of 4.

National Museum located in Central Jakarta, and built in 1862, National Museum is the best museum in Indonesia and one of the finest in Southeast Asia. It has an enormous collection of cultural objects of the various ethnic groups - costumes, musical instruments, model houses et al. - and numerous fine bronzes from the Hindu-Javanese period.

Bandung: Also known as the city of flowers and Paris of Java, it is the provincial capital of West Java and the third largest city of Indonesia. Bandung is located at a distance of 175 km from Jakarta and provides a welcome respite from the hustle and bustle of Jakarta. The majority of the population is the native Sundanese from West Java, who are famous for their extroverted, easy-going nature and are reputed as zealous guardians of their ancient culture.

Yogyakarta is one of the most attractive and ancient historical cities in Java. Because of its proximity to Borobudur and Pramban Temple Complex, it is a major stop on the tourist route. Yogyakarta was established in 1755 when Prince Mangkubumi built the Kraton Palace, called himself Sultan and created the most powerful Javanese Kingdom since the 17th century. Today it remains a symbol of resistance to Dutch Colonial rule, as well as the centre for classical Javanese art and culture, including batik, Ramayana ballet, shadow puppetry and music.

Located in Central Java, Sangiran is an important archaeological excavation site, where some of the best examples of fossil skulls of prehistoric 'Java Man' were unearthed by a Dutch professor in 1936.

And there are so many wonderful places in this island too, so what are you waiting for?

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