Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Semarang city of Lumpia

Semarang is the Capital city for Mid of Java. It's about 1 hour by plane from Jakarta or surabaya. The beautifull thing about semarang are the old building. A lot of building with Netherland architectural. Like Semarang City Hall , Tawang Station , Gereja Blenduk and Lawang Sewu.

As you can see , Lawang sewu is one of building with Netherland architectural. Lawang sewu means thousands doors, This monumental building was Nederlandsch Indishe Spoorweg Naatschappij Headquarters, and now abandoned building as Semarang main attraction At the Dutch colony time, the building faced Wilhelmina Park, a beautiful recreational area with facilities to play music. In front of the building, a city tram on the Bulu to Jomblang route used to pass. The tram tracks was still there until the 1980s, but now, there is no sign of them as the road has been leveled and covered over with asphalt.
Semarang ‘s history dates back to the ninth century, when it was known as Bergota. By the end of fifteenth century, a Javanese Islamic missionary from nearby Sultanate of Demak with the name of Kyai Pandan Arang founded a village and an Islamic boarding school in this place. On May 1, 1547, after consulting Sunan Kalijaga, Sultan Hadiwijaya of Pajang declared Kyai Pandan Arang the first bupati (regent) of Semarang, thus culturally and politically, on this day Semarang was born.
In 1678, Sunan Amangkurat II promised to give control of Semarang to the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as a part of a debt payment. In 1682, the Semarang state was founded by the Dutch colonial power. On October 5, 1705 after years of occupations, Semarang officially became a VOC city when Susuhunan Pakubuwono I made a deal to give extensive trade rights to the VOC in exchange of wiping out Mataram’s debt. The VOC, and later, the Dutch East Indies government, established tobacco plantations in the region and built roads and railroads, making Semarang an important colonial trading centre.
In the 1920s, the city became a center of leftist and nationalist activism. With the founding of the Communist Party of Indonesia in the city, Semarang became known as the Red City. The Japanese military occupied the city along with the rest of Java in 1942, during Pacific War of World War II. During that time, Semarang was headed by a military governor called a Shiko), and two vice governors known as Fuku Shiko. One of the vice governors was appointed from Japan, and the other was chosen from the local population. After Indonesian independence in 1945, Semarang became the capital of Central Java province.
The population of Semarang is predominantly Javanese, though with smaller numbers of people from many regions in Indonesia. The city is known for its large ethnically Chinese population. The main languages spoken are Indonesian and Javanese. As a result of its large ethnically Chinese population, the city boasts several Chinese temples. These include Sam Po Kong (Kedung Batu), built in honor of the Chinese Great Admiral Zheng He who visited the area in 1405, and Tay Kak Sie Temple.
ClimateFor the semarang city , the average temperature is around 24 Celcius Degrees up to 32 Celcius Degress. It?s not to hot or not to cold for rain or dry season. Rainy season on October to April and dry season on April to October. Winds velocity range from 6 up to 40 km .

Lumpia and Bandeng Presto are the most favorite traditional food from semarang. Please try it.
How to get there
Semarang can be reached by private and public vehicle. You can reach semarang from Jakarta , Yogyakarta or from Surabaya. There are a lot of public transportaion from Airplane , Bus or Train. From Jakarta to Semarang By BUS is around 150000 IDR or around 15 USD. It takes around 10 hours to go. If By Train , it's mostly same price and same hours to take. If By Air Plane , the price is 300000 IDR or 30 ? 40 USD. It takes around 1 hour to go.

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