Saturday, October 10, 2009

Thousand Islands National Park

Thousand Islands National Park is one of the representatives of the marine nature conservation area in Indonesia is located approximately 45 km north of Jakarta.

There are 78 small islands with large-altitude not more than three meters above sea level., And all the group of islands reefs.

In hundreds of years ago, coral islands that form in the animal colony of the dead coral. This colony was initially grown on the shallow sea floor, and the upper layer of the surface and experienced weathering. Then on the land the rock, growing pioneer species of shrubs, some species of trees and land there. The land is on islands are not the same as land consisting of land. Likewise, the plant and its animal wealth.

Generally, plants that are in the Thousand Islands National Park is dominated by beach plants, like nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum), hibiscus (Hibicus tiliaceus), pandan (Pandanus sp.), Sea pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), Cangkudu (Morinda citrifolia), butun ( Barringtonia asiatica), punch (Bruguiera sp.), breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), ketapan (Terminalia cattapa), and defeated (Cerbena adollam).

The wealth of marine life park is comprised of hard rock / soft as many as 54 species, 144 species of fish, 2 types of chemicals, such as 3 groups of algae, Rhodophyta, Chlorophyta and Phaeophyta, 6 kinds of seaweed such as Halodule sp., Halophila sp., And Enhalus sp ., 17 species of birds and the beach.

Thousand Islands National Park is a place of nesting hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) and green turtle (Chelonia mydas). Hawksbill and green turtles are endangered species and rarely found in other waters, especially Java's northern coast, breeding on the island of bushes leaves.

Breeding was intended to restore populations of endangered sea turtles. Breeding activities include semi-natural eggs and turtle child care until ready to be released into nature.

Most of the beaches in the national park is protected by mangrove forests, where the living lizard, snake gold ring and python.

Behind the phenomenon and the secrets of nature, actually save the Thousand Islands group of the natural beauty that is very attractive. Symphony tiny islands of green, waves, sun bewarna golden at dusk; course will reassure those in the Thousand Islands National Park.

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