Wednesday, February 17, 2010

Origin History of Bangka Island

History reveals that the island of Bangka once inhabited by Hindus in the 7th century. during the same Kingdom of Srivijaya as Bangka including the subject area of the great empire. Similarly, Majapahit and Mataram kingdom also recorded as the kingdoms that once controlled the island of Bangka. But at the time of Bangka island just a little attention, despite the strategic location amidst the traffic flow after the Asian mainland and Europe competed to Indonesia with the discovery of spices. Lack of attention from the pirates who caused misery for residents. Origin History of Bangka Island To overcome the confusion, the Sultan of Johor with allies Sutan and King of the Tigers Garang. After doing a good job, also developed Islamic place of each position and Bangkakota Kotawaringin. But unfortunately this did not last long, and then returned to Bangka island nest of pirates.
Feeling part dirampasnya harmed by ship-kapalmya the Sultan of Banten sent Regent archipelago to exterminate pirates, then regent of the archipelago to some of the old rule with a degree of Bangka Viceroy. Also told that the Commander of Banten, Ratu Bagus who was forced to withdraw from the Sultan of Palembang pertikaiannya, go to Bangka City and died there.
Regent Nusantara After death, the power of her only daughter fell in the hands and because his daughter was married to the Sultan of Palembang, Abdurrachman (1659-1707), Bangka island itself becomes part of the Sultanate of Palembang.
In the year 1707 Sultan Abdurrachman died, and he was succeeded by his son Muhammad Mansyur Queen (1707-1715).
But Kamaruddin Anum Queen Queen's younger brother Muhammad Mansyur and install himself as the Sultan of Palembang, replacing his older brother (1715-1724), although her brother had said before he died, so his son Mahmud Badaruddin away to Johor and Siantan, even formally been appointed the people also became Sultan Palembang.
But in the year 1724 Mahmud Badaruddin with the help of Johor Sultan's Armed Forces retake Palembang from his uncle.
Power over the island of Bangka further submitted by the Wan Mahmud Badaruddin Akup, that since some time has been moved from Siantan to Bangka with two of his brother Wan Wan Abduljabar and Serin. Then on the basis of the Conversion of London on August 13, 1814, Holland received back from the UK regions ditahun had occupied some areas in 1803 including the Sultanate of Palembang. The receipt is done between M.H. Court (England) by K. Heynes (Netherlands) in Mentok on December 10, 1816.
Deceitfulness, blackmail, extortion, extraction and transportation of uncertain Tin, conducted by the VOC and Ingris (EIC) finally arrived on the situation of the people lost patience. Especially after returning to the Netherlands. What began digging tin massive and ang did not think about the fate of natives. Conducted a guerrilla war in Musi Rawas against the Dutch, also has raised people's spirit of rebellion on the island of Bangka and Belitung.
So revolts broke out, for years the people of Bangka resistance, fighting to the death separately expelled the Dutch from the region, under the leadership of DEPATI Merawang, DEPATI Amir, DEPATI Bahrin, and Tikal and others.
Then the wife of Mahmud Badaruddin for not matching resided in Palembang allowed her husband settled in Bangka which mentioned that the wife of Sultan Mahmud was the son of Wan Abduljabar. History Abduljabar mention that Wan was the second son of a trust abdulhayat Sultan of Johor to the government in Siantan, was originally Abdulhayat is a high-ranking Chinese empire named Kian Lim Tau, which is due to dispute and then fled to Johor and to the protection of the Sultan. He then signed with the name of Islam Abdulhayat, because his expertise appointed by the Sultan of Johor to the head of State in Siantan.
Around the year 1709 found lead, which was first excavated in the River District Olin in Toboali by Johor people for their experience in the peninsula of Malacca. With the discovery of this lead, start Bangka island stop off by all sorts of boats from Asia and Europe.
Companies tin mining became more advanced, so that the Sultan of Palembang send his men into the Peninsula of China to find experts who increasingly feel is necessary.
In the year 1717 began to be held trade relations with the East India Company for the sale of lead. With the help of this Company, the Sultan of Palembang trying exterminate pirates and smuggling-smuggling tin. In the year 1755 the Dutch government to send a trade mission led by Palembang Van Haak, who intend to review the results timaha and pepper in Bangka. In about the year 1722 the Company held a binding agreement with the Sultan Queen Anum Kamaruddin to buy tin monopoly, where Van Haak reported agreement between the Dutch and the Sultan of Palembang contains:

* Sultan only sell the leads to the Company
* The Company may purchase the required amount of lead.

As a result of this agreement and many islands of Bangka tin sold smuggled way. Next year 1803 the Dutch government sent another mission led by VD Bogarts and Captain Lombart, who intend to conduct a thorough investigation of tin in Bangka. Tuntang Agreement on 18 September 1811 has brought another fate for the island of Bangka. On that date the deed signed the surrender of the Dutch to the English, where the islands of Java and the regions surrender, Timorese, Makassar, Palembang and the following areas to be taklluknya British colony.
Raffles sent emissaries to Palembang to take over the Dutch Loji Aur River, but they were rejected by the Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II, because of Dutch rule in Palembang before capitulation Tuntang no longer exists. Raffless was unhappy with the rejection of the Sultan and still demand that submitted Loji Aur River, also demanded that the Sultan gave tin mines in Bangka and Belitung islands.
On March 20, 1812 Raffles sent to Palembang Expedition led by Major General Rollo Gillespie Roobert. But Gillespie failed to meet the Sultan and the British began to implement political "Devide et impera" her. Gillespie picked Duke as the Prince Sultan Palembang premises Najamuddin Sultan Ahmad II (1812).
English as a recognition of the Sultan Ahmad Najamuddin II was made specific arrangements for the island of Bangka and Belitung handed over to the UK. On the way back to Batavia by Mentok by Gillespie, the island became British colony was established with the given name of "Duke of Island" (May 20, 1812).

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