Saturday, October 17, 2009

Paradise Bay National Park

Paradise Bay National Park is representative ecosystems of coral reefs, beaches, mangrove and tropical forest land in the island of Papua / Irian Jaya.
Paradise Bay National Park is a national park marine waters of the largest in Indonesia, consisting of land and coastal area (0.9%), mainland islands (3.8%), coral reefs (5.5%), and coastal seas ( 89.8%).
Potential reef Paradise Bay National Park recorded 150 species from 15 families, and spread on the banks of large and 18 small islands. The percentage of live coral closure varied between 30.40% to 65.64%. Generally, the coral reef ecosystem is divided into two zones namely averaging zone coral (reef flat) and reef slope zones (reef slope). The types of rocks can be seen among other colonies of blue coral (Heliopora coerulea), black corals (Antiphates sp.) Faviidae and Pectiniidae family, as well as various types of soft corals.
Paradise Bay National Park is rich famous fish species. Approximately 209 recorded species of fish among the inhabitants of this region butterflyfish, angelfish, damselfish, parrotfish, rabbitfish, and anemonefish.
Types of mollusks include snails cowries (Cypraea spp.), Snails strombidae (Lambis spp.), Cone snails (Conus spp.), Triton trumpet (Charonia tritonis), and giant clam (Tridacna gigas).
There are four types of turtles that often landed in the national park is the hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), turtle (Lepidochelys olivaceae), and star fruit turtle (Dermochelys coriacea). Dugong (Dugong dugon), blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus), coconut crab (Birgus latro), dolphins, and sharks are often seen in the waters of Paradise Bay National Park.

There are natural caves which are relics of ancient times, hot springs that contain sulfur without salinity Misowaar Island, cave in the water with a depth of 100 feet in Tanjung Mangguar. A number of relics from the 18th century can still be found in several places like in Wendesi, Wasior, and Yomber. Many Christians who visited the church in the village Yende (Roon Island), just to see the holy book published in 1898

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