Friday, February 19, 2010

Nature Sea Park at Sangalaki Island

Nature Sea Park of Sangalaki Island is one representative type of burnt coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrass  in Kalimantan.

Potential Natural Uniqueness of marine natural park is the existence of coral reefs surrounding the island Sangalaki, where the potential diversity of sea resources is extraordinary. In addition, this island is a small coral islands with white sand (width from 12 to 15 meters) and a haven of green turtle (Chelonia mydas) to spawn. It is estimated that this island is the island most visited by green turtles compared to other island anywhere.
The types of table corals, hard, branch and leaf substrates in depth 3 meters to 10 meters as Pocillopora damicornis, P. verrucosa, P. meandrina, Favites flexuosa, Seriatopora hystrix, Montipora danae, M. foliosa, M. informis, Anacropora forbesi, Acropora echinata, A. elseyi, A. formosa, Porites lobata, P. lutea, Pseudosiderastrea tayami and others.
The fish are often found as threadfin butterflyfish (Chaetodon Auriga), C. Lunula, C. Rafflesi, cob (Euthynus sp.), Teri (Stelophorus sp.), Mackerel (Scomberomorus sp.), Manyung (Artus sp.), Snapper (Lates calcarifer), napoleon (Cheilinus undulatus), grouper (Pseudanthias sp.), Flag (Heniochus sp), dakocan (Dascyllus sp.), blue parrot (Scarus bleekeri), ijo sergeant (Abudefduf sp), Amblygobius albimaculatus, Apogon rbicularis, Arothron hispidus and others.
Other marine biota such as mollusks that have been identified as many as 30 families (70 species), the hoof clam (Hippopus hippopus), clam shell (Tridacna squamosa Lamarck), clam hole (Tridacna crocea Lamarck), king clam (Tridacna gigas) and seagrass.
Existing plants such as mangrove (Rhizophora sp.), Sea fig (Ficus sp.), Api-api (Avicenia sp.), Meranti (Shorea sp.), Bintangur (Callophyllum inophyllum), ketapan (Terminalia cattapa), hibiscus (Hibiscus tiliaceus) and butun (Baringtonia sp.). Animals such as hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), green turtle (Chelonia mydas), lizard (Varanus salvator), the sea eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster), king prawn erasia (Alcedo atthis), the virgin sea (Sterna sp.), Imperial-pigeon (Ducula sp.) and bats (Pteropus sp.).
Most turtle eggs are harvested society with a system of concessions from the Government of Cape Redeb District. Marketing eggs are the cities in East Kalimantan, even to the South Kalimantan. Menu eggs are very popular and can be purchased in almost every shop and restaurant in East Kalimantan. The average production of turtle eggs on this island is 3 - 5 juta grain per year.

Tourism Location of interesting places to visit: Almost all the waters Sangalaki Island is perfect for snorkeling activities, diving and other marine tourism. Objects and natural tourist attraction outside of P. Sangalaki like Derawan Island (coral reef / marine parks), Kakaban (coral reefs and sea-water lake), Manimbora Island (coral reef) and Kutai National Park (forest, wildlife, natural phenomena, etc.), traditional cultural attractions ie Erau Festival in September in Tenggarong; a complement of a package holiday to the island Sangalaki. 

Sangalaki Island became an island formed on the basis of silt, sand from the broken pile of rocks and sand on the sea a few hundred years ago, which resulted in insufficient availability of fresh water on the island.
The best year to visit: in January to March, and August to December each year.
How to reach: Balikpapan-Samarinda-Tanjung Redeb (using aviation pioneer ± 1.5 hours). Samarinda-Ma-Cape WAHAU Redeb (land) ± 700 km. Cape Island Redeb to Sangalaki ± 66 miles (± 2.5 hours, with a motor boat). Derawan Island - Island Sangalaki ± 90 minutes by speed boat. Tanjung Batu - Island Sangalaki ± 100 minutes with a motor boat.

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