Wednesday, March 17, 2010

On a large Varanus species from the island of Komodo."

Komodo National Park (TNK) was formed in 1980 and declared a World Heritage Site and the Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986. Initially the region is set to conserve the unique Komodo animals. Komodo animals were first discovered by the scientific world in 1911. Curator at the Zoological Museum of Bogor, P.A. Ouwens, received reports of animals found by JKH komodo Van Steyn, Dutch East Indies government officials. Ouwens scientific name Varanus komodoensis Ouwens to these animals in a paper published in the "Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg", entitled "On a large Varanus species from the island of Komodo."

The types of other land animals are outstanding Gosong Bird (Anas reinwardt), Rinca rat (Rattus rintjanus), and the Timor deer (Cervus timorensis). Approximately 70% of terrestrial area of savanna forest meadow. Habitat types other mainland tropical forests of the season (monsoon) and the quasi cloud forest above 500 m along the back and top of the hills. Although renowned as a wildlife habitat Komodo, TNK covering one area of the richest seas in the world, covers 1.214 km2 of marine habitats with high biodiversity, including corals, mangroves, sea grass, and a semi-enclosed bay. These habitats have more than 1000 species of fish, about 260 species of coral, and 70 sponge species. Dugong (Dugong dugon), Dolphins (10 species), Pope (6 species), and the Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) and Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas.
TNK is located in Indonesia Wallacea region, identified by WWF and Conservation International as a world conservation priority area. TNK is located between Sumbawa and Flores island, the border between East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggara Province, includes 3 main islands of Komodo, Rinca and Padar, and other small islands as a whole covers 603 km2 of land. Total area TNK today is 1817 km2. Proposed addition of 25 km2 (Gili Banta) and 479 km2 of marine waters will make the total area to be 2321 km2.

Fishing using explosives, cyanide and the compressor is threatening life and aquatic resources TNK. In addition, tourist boat anchors and fishing also contributed to damage the life and aquatic resources TNK.

In the area of land, the pressure on forests for fuelwood needs have also increased along with increase in population in the area of TNK. In addition, timor deer population as the main food animals Komodo dragon population decline, caused by illegal hunting.

Other threats arising against TNK is the increasing pollution, ranging from domestic waste, tourists until polluted waste waters by boat. 
sources : 

No comments:

Post a Comment